Physicians & Surgeons Speciality Pakistan


ANAESTHESIOLOGY

Specializing in preoperative care, development of an anaesthetic plan, and the administration of anaesthetics.

ANATOMY

Specialize in the consideration of the structure of living things.

BIOCHEMISTRY

Specialize in laboratory duties, such as culturing, filtering, purifying, drying, weighing, and measuring substances using special instruments. Research goes to the study the effects of foods, drugs, allergens and other substances on living tissues.

CARDIAC SURGERY

Specialize in surgical treatment of diseases affecting organs inside the thorax (the chest) -generally treatment of conditions of the heart (heart disease) and lungs (lung disease).

CARDIOLOGY

Specialize in dealing with disorders of the heart (specifically the human heart). The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.

CHEMICAL PATHOLOGY

-also known as Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Biochemistry

Specialize in analysis of bodily fluids.

CHEST DISEASES

- also called PULMONOLOGY

Specialty dealing with disease involving the respiratory tract.

CHEST DISEASES

INCLUDING T.B. (Tuberculosis or MTB)

Specialty dealing with disease involving the respiratory tract and infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

HAEMATOLOGY

or CLINICAL HAEMATOLOGY

Specialize in etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and prevention of blood diseases. The laboratory work that goes into the study of blood is frequently performed by a medical technologist.

COMMUNITY MEDICINE

Specialize in preventing disease and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals. Mainly concerned with threats to health based on population health analysis.

DENTISTRY

Specialize in diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area and the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body.

DERMATOLOGY

Specialize in dealing with the skin and its diseases, in the widest sense, and some cosmetic problems of the skin, scalp, hair, and nails.

DIAGNOSTIC RADIOLOGY

also known as Medical Imaging

Specialize in technique and process used to create images of the human body (or parts and function thereof) for clinical purposes (medical procedures seeking to reveal, diagnose or examine disease) or medical science (including the study of normal anatomy and physiology).

E.N.T.

also known as OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (the study of nose, ear and throat)

Specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nose, head and neck.

ENDOCRINOLOGY

Specialize in dealing with the endocrine system, its diseases, and its specific secretions called hormones, the integration of developmental events such as proliferation, growth, and differentiation (including histogenesis and organogenesis) and the coordination of metabolism, respiration, excretion, movement, reproduction, and sensory perception depend on chemical cues, substances synthesized and secreted by specialized cells.

F.D.S.

Flexor Digitorum Superficialis muscle

Specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of an extrinsic flexor muscle of the fingers at the proximal interphalangeal joints.

FAMILY MEDICINE

Speciality devoted to comprehensive health care for people of all ages. It is a division of primary care that provides continuing and comprehensive health care for the individual and family across all ages, genders, diseases, and parts of the body.

FORENSIC MEDICINE

Specialize in collection and analysis of medical evidence (samples) to produce objective information for use in the legal system.

GASTROENTEROLOGY

Specialize in diagnosis and treatment of disorders of diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which includes the organs from mouth to anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this specialty.

HISTOPATHOLOGY

Specialize in the microscopic examination of tissue(s) in order to study the manifestations of disease.

IMMUNOLOGY

Specialize in diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the immune system in all organisms. Mainly with the physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and diseases; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders (autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivities, immune deficiency, transplant rejection); the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro, in situ, and in vivo.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

also known as transmissible diseases or communicable diseases

Specialize in diagnosis and treatment of disorders of clinically evident illness (i.e., characteristic medical signs and/or symptoms of disease) resulting from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic biological agents in an individual host organism.

MEDICAL ONCOLOGY

Specialize in the diagnosis of any cancer in a person, therapy (e.g. surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and other modalities), Follow-up of cancer patients after successful treatment, Palliative care of patients with terminal malignancies, Ethical questions surrounding cancer care, Screening efforts: of populations, or of the relatives of patients (in types of cancer that are thought to have a hereditary basis, such as breast cancer).

MEDICINE

Specialize in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Usually encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness in human beings.

MICROBIOLOGY

Specialize in investigation of the growth and characteristics of microscopic organisms such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Most microbiologists specialize in environmental, food, agricultural, or industrial microbiology; virology (the study of viruses); immunology (the study of mechanisms that fight infections); or bioinformatics. Many microbiologists use biotechnology to advance knowledge of cell reproduction and human disease.

NEONATAL PAEDIATRICS

Specialize in medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn infant.

NEPHROLOGY

Specialize in internal medicine and paediatrics dealing with the study of the function and diseases of the kidney.

NEUROLOGY

Specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system. To be specific, deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of disease involving the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effectors tissue, such as muscle

NEUROSURGERY

Specialize in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.

NUCLEAR MEDICINE

Specialize in the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.

OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY

- often abbreviated to OB/GYN, OBG, O&G or Obs & Gynae

Specialize in the two surgical& medical specialties dealing with the female reproductive organs in their pregnant and non-pregnant state.

OPERATIVE DENTISTRY

Specialize in prevention or treatment of the two most common oral diseases which are dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal disease (gum disease or pyorrhea). Common treatments involve the restoration of teeth as a treatment for dental caries (fillings), extraction or surgical removal of teeth which cannot be restored, scaling of teeth to treat periodontal problems and endodontic root canal treatment to treat abscessed teeth.

OPHTHALMOLOGY

Specialize in medical and surgical eye problems. Mainly deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye.

ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY

Specialize in correction of a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.

ORAL SURGERY

Specialize in the diagnosis, surgical and related treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the head, mouth, teeth, gums, jaws and neck.

ORTHODONTICS

Specialize in the treatment of malocclusions (improper bites), which may be a result of tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships, or both.

ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY

- ORTHO SURGERY or Orthopedic surgery or orthopaedics

Specialize in surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders.

PAEDIATRIC CARDIOLOGY

Specialize in assessing and managing acute and chronic congenital heart disease, with referral to a super specialist when appropriate.

PAEDIATRIC SURGERY

Specialize in the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults.

PAEDIATRICS

Specialize in the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents.

PATHOLOGY

Specialize in the diagnosis of disease.

PHARMACOLOGY

Specialize in assessing and managing drug action.

PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION

(PM&R) Physiatry or rehabilitation medicine

Specialize in enhancing and restoring functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities.

PHYSIOLOGY

Specialize in diagnosis, treatment of how organisms, organ systems, organs, cells, and bio-molecules carry out the chemical or physical functions that exist in a living system.

PLASTIC SURGERY

Specialize in the correction or restoration of form and function. Plastic surgery includes many types of reconstructive surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns.

PROSTHODONTICS

Specialize in the diagnosis, treatment planning, rehabilitation and maintenance of the oral function, comfort, appearance and health of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing or deficient teeth and/or oral and maxillofacial tissues using biocompatible substitutes.

PSYCHIATRY

Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological pattern, potentially reflected in behavior, that is generally associated with distress or disability, and which is not considered part of normal development of a person's culture.

RADIO THERAPY

or Radiation therapy or radiation oncology - sometimes abbreviated to XRT or DXT

Specialize in use of ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells.

RADIO DIAGNOSIS

or RADIOLOGY

Specialize the use of imaging to both diagnose and treat disease visualised within the human body. Radiologists use an array of imaging technologies (such as x-ray radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose or treat diseases.

SURGERY

Specialize in using operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, or to help improve bodily function or appearance.

THORACIC SURGERYy

or Cardiothoracic surgery

Specialize in surgical treatment of diseases affecting organs inside the thorax (the chest) generally treatment of conditions of the heart (heart disease) and lungs (lung disease).

UROLOGY

Specialty that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. Medical professionals specializing in the field of urology are called urologists and are trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with urological disorders.

VIROLOGY

Specialize in the study of viruses and virus like agents: their structure, classification and evolution, their ways to infect and exploit host cells for virus reproduction, their interaction with host organism physiology and immunity, the diseases they cause, the techniques to isolate and culture them, and their use in research and therapy.

VITREO RETINAL OPHTHALMOLOGY

Specialize in diagnosing and treating vitreous, retinal, and macular eye diseases. Vitreo-Retinal Consultants understand the sensitivity required when handling diseases associated with the retina.

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